Assam will continue to be under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 and a decision on withdrawing it will be taken only if the present peace prevails for a longer term, Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma said on Monday.
He expressed apprehension that the terrorist groups might not reciprocate the same way if AFSPA is withdrawn from the state.
Mr Sarma, however, said that no state government wants to continue with AFSPA if the law and order situation is peaceful and conducive. “I am only saying this in the context of our state and not Nagaland because I have no jurisdiction to do so. On Nagaland, I do not have any assessment. I do not want to comment on the situation that exists in that state,” he added.
“The Assam government is of the view that if this kind of peaceful situation continues at a later date we will be able to take a call on whether we need AFSPA in entire Assam or we need it only in some parts,” he told reporters.
He cited the example of Arunachal Pradesh, which decided to withdraw the Act in consultation with the central Home Ministry from many parts of the state, except in three districts.
“AFSPA or not cannot be a call of the government. It has to depend on the overall situation, law and order situation of the state. Now suppose I withdraw, will that be reciprocated by the militant organisations? If they do not withdraw and we do, the Army will not be able to carry out any operation meaning you are inviting chaos. So I think AFSPA withdrawal is linked to the peace and stability of the state,” Mr Sarma said.
Nagaland Assembly on Monday unanimously adopted a resolution demanding that the Centre repeal AFSPA from the North East and especially from the state “so as to strengthen the ongoing efforts to find a peaceful political settlement to the Naga political issue”.
Thirteen civilians were gunned down by security forces in Nagaland’s Mon district on December 4 in a botched anti-insurgency operation leading to cries by civil groups and rights activists to repeal the law. The chief ministers of Nagaland and Meghalaya had also sought the revocation of the Act.
The Assam government had extended the existing “Disturbed Area” status of the state for another six months with effect from August 28, thereby continuing AFSPA in the state.
The Act was imposed in Assam in November 1990 and has been extended every six months since then after a review by the state government.
AFSPA empowers security forces to conduct operations anywhere and arrest anyone without any prior warrant. It also gives a certain level of immunity to the security forces in case an operation goes wrong.